As increasing number of COVID-19 cases are being reported across different parts of the world, governments are going ahead with extra ordinary measures to control the outbreak. Being a new disease, the medical world has limited information about the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona-2 (SARS CoV-2) virus that causes the disease and the effects it produces in the body. The symptoms of the disease are similar to that of a number of illnesses ranging from flu to common cold increasing the confusions about the disease.
How Does The Infection Spread Among People?
When an infected person sneezes or coughs, droplets are released into the air and the nearby people take them in through their nose, eyes or mouth. To avoid possible infection, use face masks while you are out on places that have reported cases of the infection. On entering the body, the viral particles travel to the mucous membranes in the back of your throat and to the back of nasal passage. The virus then attaches to the receptor cells in these locations. The spiked proteins that stick out from the surface of the virus hooks onto the cell membranes enabling the entry of the viral genetic material into the human cell.
Trajectory Of The Virus In The Lungs
Pathological studies in China suggest that the virus starts to infect the sides of the lungs in the beginning, and it takes a while before it reaches the upper respiratory tract, trachea etc. The peculiar infection pattern of the virus explains why the early cases in China were not identified immediately. As the infection in the peripheral lungs was not detected in the beginning, people with symptoms were sent home without treatment that lead to the spread of the disease.
Internal Body Parts Affected By Coronavirus
Lungs are not the exclusive affected part of the body in COVID-19 infection. Experts suggest that the novel coronavirus can affect the gastrointestinal cells explaining why some patients show symptoms like indigestion or diarrhea.
There are chances of inflammation in bone marrow as well as organs like the liver. The small blood vessels could also be infected like in the case of SARS outbreak in 2002 and 2003.
Can You Get Rid Of Coronavirus?
Although the spread rate of coronavirus is very high, the chances for the infection to cause deaths are low when compared to pandemics that affected the world in previous years. About 80% of the people infected by the novel coronavirus shows mild symptoms and among the 20% of people who become severely ill, the disease may be fatal in 2% of people.
The viral infection might cause damages of the lung tissue, and reports suggest that some patients in China died due to the bacterial attack on the body cells damaged by viral infection. How effective the immune system of an infected person is, determines the fatality of the disease, meaning that older people and people having health issues like diabetes and other chronic illnesses are more prone to develop severe symptoms.
To stop the pandemic from claiming more lives, you have to take proper care to avoid getting the infection and if you have symptoms, avoid contact with people so as to prevent the infection from spreading to more people.